World Object

Prince Mahidol Day in Thailand

Prince Mahidol Day in Thailand: Honoring the Father of Modern Medicine, inspiring healthcare excellence and cultural reverence.

Oct 6, 23By Anwar Pervez
Prince Mahidol Day in Thailand


Prince Mahidol Day, celebrated on January 1st every year, holds a special place in the hearts of the Thai people. This day commemorates the life and contributions of Prince Mahidol Adulyadej, often referred to as the "Father of Modern Medicine and Public Health in Thailand." Prince Mahidol's pioneering work in medicine and public health had a profound impact on the development of healthcare in Thailand and continues to be a source of inspiration for healthcare professionals and the nation as a whole. In this article, we will delve into the historical context of Prince Mahidol Day in Thailand, its significance in Thai society, the life and accomplishments of Prince Mahidol, and the customs and traditions associated with the celebration of this revered figure.

Historical Background

  1. Prince Mahidol Adulyadej: Prince Mahidol Adulyadej was born on January 1, 1892, in Songkhla, Thailand. He was the 69th son of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) and Queen Savang Vadhana. Despite his royal lineage, Prince Mahidol chose to study medicine in the United States, a decision that would shape the course of healthcare in Thailand.
  2. Medical Education: Prince Mahidol pursued his medical education at Harvard University and later at the Harvard-MIT School for Health Officers (now Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health). He graduated with a medical degree in 1928 and a certificate in public health in 1927.
  3. Return to Thailand: After completing his studies, Prince Mahidol returned to Thailand and embarked on a mission to modernize the country's healthcare system. His dedication to public health and medicine earned him the nickname "Father of Modern Medicine and Public Health in Thailand."

Significance of Prince Mahidol Day in Thailand

Prince Mahidol Day holds several key significances in Thailand:

  1. Honoring a Pioneer: The holiday is a time to honor and pay tribute to Prince Mahidol Adulyadej for his pioneering work in the field of medicine and public health.
  2. Promoting Healthcare: Prince Mahidol's legacy serves as an inspiration for healthcare professionals and reinforces the importance of healthcare and public health in Thai society.
  3. Cultural Heritage: The celebration of Prince Mahidol Day reflects Thailand's rich cultural heritage and emphasizes the role of the monarchy in fostering progress and development.

Life and Accomplishments of Prince Mahidol Adulyadej

Prince Mahidol Adulyadej's life and accomplishments are a testament to his dedication to the betterment of Thai society:

  1. Healthcare Modernization: Prince Mahidol played a pivotal role in modernizing Thailand's healthcare system. He established the first Thai medical school, which later became the Faculty of Medicine at Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University.
  2. Public Health Initiatives: Prince Mahidol initiated various public health programs, including campaigns to combat malaria, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases.
  3. Training Medical Professionals: He emphasized the training of healthcare professionals and the importance of research in medicine.
  4. Scholarship and Legacy: Prince Mahidol's commitment to education and healthcare is reflected in the Prince Mahidol Award, an internationally recognized award given to individuals or organizations for outstanding contributions to public health and medicine.

Prince Mahidol Day Customs and Traditions in Thailand

Prince Mahidol Day is marked by several customs and traditions that reflect its significance:

  1. Wreath-Laying Ceremony: Officials, healthcare professionals, and the public gather at various locations across Thailand to lay wreaths at statues and memorials dedicated to Prince Mahidol.
  2. Academic Conferences: Academic conferences and seminars on healthcare and public health are organized to promote research and innovation in the field.
  3. Awards and Recognitions: The Prince Mahidol Award is presented to individuals and organizations that have made exceptional contributions to healthcare and public health, both in Thailand and globally.
  4. Healthcare Initiatives: Hospitals and healthcare institutions may organize health awareness campaigns and free medical services for the public.

Community and Social Impact

Prince Mahidol Day has a profound impact on the social fabric of Thailand:

  1. Inspiration for Healthcare Professionals: The celebration of Prince Mahidol Day inspires healthcare professionals to continue their work with dedication and passion.
  2. Cultural Identity: The holiday reinforces the importance of healthcare and public health in Thai cultural identity and heritage.
  3. Promotion of Research: The emphasis on research and innovation in healthcare contributes to advancements in medical science and technology.
  4. Philanthropy: Prince Mahidol's commitment to public health and education encourages philanthropic efforts in these areas.


Prince Mahidol Day in Thailand is a day of honor, remembrance, and cultural reverence. It provides an opportunity for the Thai people to pay tribute to the "Father of Modern Medicine and Public Health in Thailand," Prince Mahidol Adulyadej. Through customs like wreath-laying ceremonies, academic conferences, and the presentation of the Prince Mahidol Award, Thais celebrate this special day with deep respect and gratitude. The holiday not only strengthens the cultural and social bonds of the Thai people but also emphasizes the enduring role of healthcare and public health in Thai society. Prince Mahidol Day continues to be a cherished and meaningful occasion that enriches the cultural and social life of Thailand, fostering a commitment to healthcare excellence and progress.