World Object

Mary Prince Day in Bermuda

Mary Prince Day in Bermuda: Honoring a courageous advocate for freedom and justice, celebrating her legacy and the fight for equality.

Oct 1, 23By Anwar Pervez
Mary Prince Day in Bermuda


Mary Prince Day, celebrated on July 31st, is a significant observance in Bermuda dedicated to honoring the life and legacy of Mary Prince, an inspirational figure in the island nation's history. Mary Prince was an enslaved woman who became an advocate for the abolition of slavery and an author of one of the earliest narratives of a formerly enslaved person. In this comprehensive exploration of Mary Prince Day in Bermuda, we will delve into the life of Mary Prince, the historical context of her contributions, the cultural significance of the holiday, the customs and traditions associated with it, and the enduring impact of her advocacy for freedom and justice.

Historical Background

Mary Prince was born into slavery in Bermuda in the late 18th century, and her life is emblematic of the harsh and dehumanizing conditions endured by enslaved individuals in the Caribbean. Her experiences as an enslaved woman in Bermuda and later in Antigua were marked by cruelty, physical abuse, and the separation of families—all common injustices of the transatlantic slave trade.

Mary Prince's journey to becoming a prominent advocate for freedom began when she was sold to a new owner, John Adams Wood, in Antigua. It was during her time in Antigua that she sought legal assistance to gain her freedom, as British law at the time allowed enslaved individuals to petition for their freedom if they were brought to England.

In 1828, Mary Prince traveled with her owners to England, where she was eventually able to escape her enslavement. She sought refuge with the Anti-Slavery Society and became a key figure in the British abolitionist movement. Her personal narrative, "The History of Mary Prince," published in 1831, became one of the earliest accounts of an enslaved person's life and experiences. Her narrative was instrumental in raising awareness about the horrors of slavery and galvanizing support for the abolitionist cause.

Mary Prince's advocacy and her role in the abolitionist movement contributed to the passing of the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833 in the British Parliament, which paved the way for the abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire on August 1, 1834.

Mary Prince's life, her narrative, and her courageous fight for freedom and justice make her a revered and inspirational figure in Bermuda and beyond. Mary Prince Day in Bermuda provides an opportunity to celebrate her legacy and the broader struggle for emancipation and equality.

Mary Prince Day Customs and Traditions

  1. Church Services: Mary Prince Day typically begins with church services held across the island. These services provide a spiritual dimension to the celebration, allowing Bermudians to offer prayers, give thanks for Mary Prince's contributions, and reflect on the importance of freedom and justice.
  2. Educational Programs: Schools and cultural organizations in Bermuda often organize educational programs and activities leading up to Mary Prince Day. These initiatives aim to educate students and the public about Mary Prince's life, her advocacy for freedom, and the history of slavery in Bermuda and the Caribbean.
  3. Cultural Performances: Cultural performances play a prominent role in Mary Prince Day celebrations. These performances include traditional dance, music, and theatrical presentations that highlight Bermuda's rich cultural heritage, the African diaspora, and the spirit of resilience.
  4. Readings and Discussions: Public readings of Mary Prince's narrative and discussions about her life and contributions are common on Mary Prince Day. These activities help participants gain a deeper understanding of her experiences and the impact of her advocacy.
  5. Commemorative Events: Special events and ceremonies are often held at historic sites and landmarks associated with Mary Prince's life. These events may include the laying of wreaths or the unveiling of plaques in her honor.

Cultural and Historical Significance

Mary Prince Day in Bermuda holds immense cultural and historical significance. It serves as a day to remember and celebrate the life of Mary Prince, whose courage and resilience in the face of oppression continue to inspire people around the world.

The holiday underscores the importance of acknowledging the history of slavery and the contributions of individuals like Mary Prince who fought for their freedom and the abolition of slavery. It serves as a reminder that the struggle for justice and equality is an integral part of Bermuda's history and that the legacy of those who fought for these principles lives on.

Mary Prince Day also highlights the strength of the African diaspora and the cultural contributions of enslaved Africans and their descendants to Bermuda's identity. The cultural performances and educational initiatives associated with the holiday provide an opportunity for Bermudians to connect with their African heritage and celebrate their shared history.

Mary Prince's narrative, "The History of Mary Prince," continues to be an important literary work in the study of slavery and abolition. Her first-hand account of the brutalities of slavery and her courage in seeking justice helped galvanize support for the abolitionist cause in the 19th century.

Community Unity

Mary Prince Day in Bermuda fosters a sense of community unity. The celebrations provide an opportunity for families, friends, and neighbors to come together to honor Mary Prince's legacy and the broader struggle for freedom and justice. It is a day when Bermudians of all backgrounds join in the festivities, reinforcing their collective identity and commitment to the principles of equality and human rights.

The educational programs and discussions leading up to Mary Prince Day also promote a sense of unity by encouraging dialogue and reflection on the island's history. These activities provide a platform for open and constructive conversations about the legacy of slavery and the ongoing fight for social justice.

Challenges and Modernization

While Mary Prince Day is a cherished celebration, it faces challenges in the modern era. As with other holidays and cultural observances, there may be variations in how the holiday is observed among different generations. Some may focus on the historical and cultural aspects of the holiday, while others may engage in more modern forms of celebration.

Efforts to Preserve Tradition

Efforts to preserve the authenticity of Mary Prince Day and pass down its traditions to future generations are ongoing. Schools and cultural organizations play a crucial role in educating students and the public about Mary Prince's life and contributions. They organize exhibitions, displays, and educational programs that highlight the history of slavery and the abolitionist movement.

Historic sites and landmarks associated with Mary Prince's life also contribute to the preservation of her legacy. These sites often provide educational resources and opportunities for visitors to learn about her experiences and the broader history of slavery in Bermuda.


Mary Prince Day in Bermuda is a celebration of freedom, courage, and the enduring legacy of an inspirational figure in the island's history. It is a day when Bermudians come together to honor the life and contributions of Mary Prince, whose advocacy for freedom and justice left a lasting impact on the abolitionist movement.

The holiday underscores the importance of acknowledging the history of slavery and the ongoing struggle for equality and human rights. Mary Prince Day also celebrates Bermuda's rich cultural heritage and the strength of the African diaspora, whose contributions continue to enrich the island's identity.

As Bermuda continues to evolve, Mary Prince Day remains a symbol of the island's commitment to preserving its cultural heritage and honoring the resilience and courage of those who fought for freedom and justice. It is a day of unity, reflection, and celebration, reminding Bermudians of the values and principles that bind them together as a community. Mary Prince's legacy continues to inspire individuals to stand up for justice and equality, making her a beloved and revered figure in Bermuda and beyond.