Language Martyrs' Day, also known as International Mother Language Day held on February 21st to commemorate the language movement and honor its martyrs.
Language Martyrs' Day, also known as International Mother Language Day, is an annual observance held on February 21st to commemorate the language movement and honor its martyrs. Here are some more details about this important day:
The language movement was a political and cultural movement in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) during the early 1950s. It was a protest against the imposition of Urdu as the sole official language of Pakistan, which would have marginalized the Bengali language and its speakers. On February 21, 1952, a group of students and activists gathered in Dhaka to demand the recognition of Bengali as one of the official languages of Pakistan. The protest turned violent when police opened fire on the demonstrators, killing several of them.
The language movement was a significant event in the history of Bangladesh, as it eventually led to the recognition of Bengali as an official language of Pakistan. It also played a crucial role in the emergence of Bangladesh as an independent country in 1971. The day is observed to honor the memory of the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the cause of the Bengali language.
Language Martyrs' Day is observed as a public holiday in Bangladesh. The day begins with a sunrise procession and hoisting of the national flag at half-mast. People of all ages and from all walks of life visit the Shaheed Minar, a monument built in memory of the martyrs, to pay their respects and lay flowers. Cultural programs, poetry recitations, and other events are also organized throughout the day to celebrate the Bengali language and its culture.
International Mother Language Day:
In November 1999, UNESCO declared February 21st as International Mother Language Day, to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism. The day is now observed worldwide to promote the preservation and protection of all languages and their diversity.