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Easter in Papua New Guinea

Easter Sunday in Papua New Guinea: A blend of Christian traditions and indigenous customs, fostering unity and cultural diversity.

Oct 10, 23By Anwar Pervez
Easter in Papua New Guinea


Easter, one of the most significant holidays in the Christian calendar, is celebrated worldwide to commemorate the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. It is a time of joy, hope, and spiritual renewal. The Easter season encompasses several key days, including Easter Sunday and Easter Monday, and extends over a period of weeks. Each of these days has unique customs and traditions associated with it, and their observance can vary across different countries and cultures.

In this article, we will explore how Easter Sunday, Easter Monday, and the Easter season are celebrated in Papua New Guinea, a nation known for its rich cultural diversity and the blending of indigenous traditions with Christian beliefs.

Religious Landscape of Papua New Guinea

To understand the observance of Easter in Papua New Guinea, it's important to recognize the religious landscape of the country. Papua New Guinea is characterized by a remarkable diversity of cultures, languages, and belief systems. The two primary religions in the nation are Christianity and indigenous traditional beliefs.

Christianity plays a prominent role in the lives of many Papua New Guineans, with various Christian denominations present throughout the country. The major Christian denominations include Roman Catholicism, Protestantism (with Lutheran, Anglican, and Pentecostal churches being prominent), and the Seventh-day Adventist Church. These Christian traditions significantly influence the observance of Easter in Papua New Guinea.

The Significance of Easter

Easter is the culmination of the Holy Week, which includes events such as Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, and Good Friday. Easter Sunday is the central day of this week, celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who, according to Christian belief, was crucified on Good Friday and buried in a tomb. Easter Sunday signifies the victory of life over death, hope over despair, and light over darkness. It is a time of great joy and celebration in the Christian calendar.

Easter Monday, which follows Easter Sunday, is considered part of the broader Easter season. It is a day of reflection, continuation of celebration, and often a public holiday in many countries. The Easter season as a whole extends for 50 days, culminating in Pentecost, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the apostles.

Easter Sunday Observance in Papua New Guinea

Easter Sunday, also known as Resurrection Sunday, is a day of immense significance for Christians in Papua New Guinea. The observance of Easter Sunday in the country often blends Christian traditions with local customs and practices:

  1. Sunrise Services: Easter Sunday usually begins with sunrise services held in churches and open-air locations. Worshipers gather before dawn to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus as the sun rises. These services typically include scripture readings, hymns, prayers, and sermons that focus on the resurrection narrative.
  2. Church Services: Throughout the day, churches hold special Easter Sunday services characterized by joyful music, uplifting hymns, and sermons that emphasize the significance of Christ's resurrection. Many Christians attend these services dressed in their finest clothing as a sign of reverence and celebration.
  3. Decoration of Churches: Churches are often adorned with flowers, colorful banners, and artwork to symbolize the renewal and life associated with Easter. The decoration of churches is a way of creating a festive and joyous atmosphere in which to celebrate the resurrection.
  4. Special Meals: Easter Sunday is a time for special meals and feasting with family and friends. People prepare traditional dishes and share food as a symbol of togetherness and celebration. In urban areas, you may find Easter brunches and picnics.
  5. Acts of Charity: Acts of charity and community service are also important on Easter Sunday. Some Christians use this day as an opportunity to engage in acts of kindness and generosity, helping those in need as an expression of their faith.
  6. Easter Egg Hunts: In recent years, the tradition of Easter egg hunts has gained popularity in some parts of Papua New Guinea, particularly in urban centers. Children search for hidden eggs, often filled with candies and small toys, in a playful celebration of Easter.

Easter Monday Observance

Easter Monday is an extension of the Easter celebration in Papua New Guinea. While it is a continuation of the Easter season, it is typically marked by more relaxed observances compared to Easter Sunday. Some common ways in which Easter Monday is observed in the country include:

  1. Family Gatherings: Easter Monday is often a day for extended family gatherings. Relatives come together to continue the celebrations, share meals, and enjoy each other's company. It is a time for bonding and strengthening family ties.
  2. Outdoor Activities: Given that Easter Monday is often a public holiday, many people take the opportunity to engage in outdoor activities such as picnics, hiking, and sports. It is a day to enjoy the natural beauty of Papua New Guinea's landscapes.
  3. Reflection and Relaxation: Some individuals use Easter Monday as a day of personal reflection and relaxation. It provides a chance to unwind, contemplate the spiritual significance of Easter, and prepare for the week ahead.
  4. Acts of Kindness: Acts of charity and kindness continue on Easter Monday as well. Some people extend their charitable efforts by assisting those in need or engaging in community service projects.

Cultural Influences on Easter Observance

The observance of Easter in Papua New Guinea is often influenced by local culture and traditions. The blending of Christianity with indigenous customs and practices reflects the syncretic nature of religious life in the country:

  1. Indigenous Symbols: Indigenous symbols and art forms may be incorporated into Easter observances. Traditional artwork, carvings, and symbols may be used to illustrate aspects of the Easter story, reflecting the blending of cultures and the syncretic nature of religious practice.
  2. Language and Song: Papua New Guinea's linguistic diversity is evident in its Easter celebrations. Prayers, hymns, and religious texts may be translated into local languages, allowing worshipers to engage more deeply with the religious narrative in their native tongues.
  3. Traditional Dances: In some regions, traditional dances and performances may be part of Easter celebrations. These dances often tell stories and convey cultural messages, adding a unique and local flavor to the festivities.
  4. Community Gatherings: Easter is a time for community gatherings and social interactions. People come together to share meals, exchange stories, and celebrate the significance of the day. This sense of community fosters unity and reinforces social bonds.

The Easter Season

While Easter Sunday and Easter Monday are the focal points of Easter observance, the Easter season extends for 50 days, concluding with Pentecost. This period provides an opportunity for ongoing reflection, celebration, and spiritual growth. In Papua New Guinea, the Easter season may include the following elements:

  1. Continued Church Services: The Easter season is marked by ongoing church services and gatherings, allowing believers to deepen their understanding of the Easter message and its significance.
  2. Religious Education: Many churches offer religious education programs and Bible study sessions during the Easter season to help believers delve deeper into the Christian faith.
  3. Cultural Festivities: Cultural events and festivities that blend Christian and indigenous traditions may continue throughout the Easter season, reflecting the diverse cultural landscape of Papua New Guinea.
  4. Acts of Charity: Acts of charity and community service, a central part of Easter observance, may extend beyond Easter Sunday and Easter Monday as part of ongoing efforts to help those in need.


Easter in Papua New Guinea is a time of joy, celebration, and spiritual reflection. The observance of Easter Sunday, Easter Monday, and the Easter season reflects the country's cultural diversity and the blending of indigenous traditions with Christian beliefs. It is a reminder of the deep-rooted Christian faith that has become an integral part of Papua New Guinean life and culture.

Easter serves as a unifying force that brings together people from diverse backgrounds and languages, transcending ethnic and linguistic boundaries. It provides a platform for believers to express their faith, celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, and reinforce their sense of community and unity.

Ultimately, the observance of Easter in Papua New Guinea showcases the resilience and adaptability of faith in the face of cultural diversity, making it a unique and meaningful celebration in this culturally rich nation.